CĂRBUNĂRITUL ( PRODUCTION OF CHARCOAL OUT OF WOOD )

carbunarit-zona-beius

Strictly related to blacksmithing, ” cărbunăritul„ was another craft developed in Beiuș Depression. This craft has to be understood as the iron ore reduction in furnaces and the iron processing carried out in specialist centers or in the existing forges in all the rural communities, ie charcoal obtained out of the wood used by the smiths, by guided combustion.

CULTURE OF BEES (APICULTURE)

albinarit-zona-beius

Out of the traditional occupations in Beiuşului area for long periods of time, beekeeping was a pretty important one, even more important than we are willing to believe at first sight.

FISHING

pescuit-zona-beius

Along with hunting, fishing was one of the secondary occupations of the inhabitants of the area, coming as well from prehistory.

FRUIT GROWING

pomicultura-zona-beiusului

The hilly landscape and the not too fertile soils have forced local residents, as we have seen, first at a deeper concern for livestock, used both for traction and for milk, wool, etc. more present than in lowland villages.

GOLD AND SILVER MINING

EXTRACtIA-AURULUI-sI-ARGINTULUI

Throughout the diversity craftworks of the country's inhabitants, based on existing natural demand, gold mining also took an important place in certain communities.

HARVESTING IN NATURAL ENVIRONEMENT

culesul-fructelor-de-padure-beius

Also valuing the natural environment´s offer, spontaneous flora in this case, between the secondary occupations of the region, harvesting in nature was also a constant presence, covering requests coming not only in the field of nutrition, but also of the popular medicine and for obtaining natural dyes used in textile, wool etc.

HUNTING

vanatoare-in-zona-beiusului

Hunting and fishing were one of the most important means of gaining food resources. In time, however, with the taming of animals, in Neolithic, they have become secondary occupations.

LEATHER PROCESSING

prelucrarea-pieilor-beius

Of course, animal husbandry as occupation of the inhabitants in the depression of Beiuş, and hunting as a secondary occupation, were rich sources of raw materials not only in the diet (by selling meat, milk), but, among others, in leather processing and the use of the leather for making their major components of the folk costume or for covering other household utilities.

POTTERY

prelucrarea-lutului-ceramica-beius

Ceramics is only one of the forms through which these ingenious people of Beiuș knew how to exploit the natural resources of their region, complementary to meet their needs.

Smith

fierarie-zona-beius

Highlights were of tools made ​​by blacksmiths, and the practice of crafts , especially for working with wood. Among them : ţapinele , security, şpranţul , stork , adzes , picks

SMITHERY AND IRONWORKS

ATELIERELE DE FIERĂRIT ŞI PRODUSELE LOR

Smithies still existed in the first half of the twentieth century in every rural community, serving the local demand, ie: the manufacture or repair of agricultural tools, the production of wood cutting or splitting tools needed in every household or even more, in specialized households, the accessories necessary for building houses, horseshoes for cattle etc. They were indispensable in the communities.

TEXTILE FIBER PROCESSING

prelucrarea-fibrelor-textile-zona-beiusului

One of the most popular crops in the area was undoubtedly that of hemp. It was always present in any household, even if the agricultural area for hemp was much smaller than that for cereals.

WINE GROWING

viticultura

The vines had a particular importance even from Dacia times, a healthy tradition as we may say, at least until the reform of Deceneu, who is said to have ordered the cut off of vines, we suspect because of his wine abuse.

WOODWORKING

prelucrarea-lemnului-beius

Both coniferous species and hardwood ones were present in the area , with prevalence for the latter. Among deciduous forests, the most common species were: beech, oak, sky, hornbeam, elm, ash, birch, maple, acacia, horn, hazel, willow, poplar, dogwood, walnut, wild cherry, hawthorn, etc.