Out of the traditional occupations in Beiuşului area for long periods of time, beekeeping was a pretty important one, even more important than we are willing to believe at first sight.
The area's natural resources, a very diverse flora, are well represented here, including over 150 bee tree species, like acacia, lime, blackberry, wild rose, hawthorn, fruit trees, the grass of the meadows and so on. Also, primeval forests, the favorite territories of the wild bees came with their offer of honey. The moderate climate of the area has facilitated the existence of this occupation.
While talking about the importance of beekeeping, the serfs in the area had to pay a tax to their land lord for their hives. They had also privileges regarding beekeeping. Thus, in 1422, serfs are allowed to pay a tax only for a first hive, for the rest of ten hives being able to pay a ransom of two dinars per hive. It means that many inhabitants of the area had each over 10 bee hives. However, hive taxes remain a constant even later on in villages land records, such as those in 1589 and 1600, in the villages of Tarcău, Ghighişeni and Capalna, as well as those of prince Peter Burda. To realize the continuing practice of beekeeping, we note that statistics from 1936 record, recorded in 67 villages in the valley of Crisul Negru, a total of 338 farmers who owned 1989 temporar hives and 238 permanent ones. Among the most well populated places with hives: Budureasa, Cărpinet, Cristiorul Upper Cusuiş, Tarcău Hinchiriş, Leheceni, Sălişte, Simon.