Smithies still existed in the first half of the twentieth century in every rural community, serving the local demand, ie: the manufacture or repair of agricultural tools, the production of wood cutting or splitting tools needed in every household or even more, in specialized households, the accessories necessary for building houses, horseshoes for cattle etc. They were indispensable in the communities.
The architecture of such a smithy depended on the possibilities of the owner, who sometimes used his household annexes for this, or other times it was a specially built smithy. Like any living room or warehouse, it was of rectangular shape and a forge´s inventory required firstly the existence of heated ovens for the iron that had to be beaten. The fire was made using coal obtained from bocşerii, and the fire was maintained with the help of bellows made of leather, usually driven by pressure foot. The activity in the smithy ran around the anvil or the „ileu„ as they called it in the area, one or two in each forge, on which the heated iron was beaten and softened in order to produce the desired ironwork. Striking was done with special hammers, and a sledgehammer was handled using pliers, also in different shapes. One of the last Vărzarii blacksmiths, who worked in the second half of the twentieth century, was equipped with the followings: pliers with a large „tureac "(with long handles), used when the tool was in the fire; " squared pliers", "pliers with small tureac" pliers for repairing the sledgehammer. He had also an iron cutting device, the so called " șutăul "etc. Also, a water container, for iron cooling. The craft was usually learned from father to son, but also by hiring an apprentice.