GOLD AND SILVER MINING

EXTRACtIA-AURULUI-sI-ARGINTULUI

Throughout the diversity craftworks of the country's inhabitants, based on existing natural demand, gold mining also took an important place in certain communities.

A gold extraction by mining, especially that of water deposits. We know that Apuseni was extremely rich in gold deposits, one of the reasons why the Romans conquered Dacia and thus these resources. The amount of gold that the Romans would have taken as booty after the conquest of Dacia was huge. Criton mentions in "Getica" that the booty would have been approximately 164,000 kg of gold and about twice as silver. Of course, after the withdrawal of Aurelian, these operations, especially the mining one, ceased or decreased a lot. We believe that getting gold from alluvial deposits could remain for a long time a specific occupation of people out here, including those in our area, for the extraction did not involve special technology, or inaccessible one. The streams coming from areas with gold reserves, the locals got this gold. Among other technologies, putting in the valleys, or some of their deviations, especially dug, some gutters, woolen rugs which brought gold in the water and sediment it being heavier than the sand. Over nearly a millennium, one of the reasons for the Hungarian royalty to occupy this region, was very probably these gold and silver deposits. They mostly imposed the Hungarian colonization of the area (Tarcaia, Finis, Ioanis, Uileac, Negru, Beiuş) as well as the building of the city of Finis, in order to protect those operations. After Bunyitay, in 1274, the old gold and silver mine exploitation at Baita restarted, with craftsmen brought in from outside, but using local serfs to work ( within their obligations in labor supply).