Both coniferous species and hardwood ones were present in the area , with prevalence for the latter. Among deciduous forests, the most common species were: beech, oak, sky, hornbeam, elm, ash, birch, maple, acacia, horn, hazel, willow, poplar, dogwood, walnut, wild cherry, hawthorn, etc.
The qualities of each wood species were used in various areas of local craftsmen. The wood of fir, spruce, with a straight fiber, that can be processed more easily, was used in the construction of containers of various shapes and volumes, with different functionalities. Among deciduous, the evergreen oak being the most resistant to weather and beetles attack was the dominant wood for construction. For the manufacture of furniture, household devices, phage was mostly used because the fibers can split straight, can be easily processed, decorated by incision etc. But it was more easily broken under the influence of moisture and biological agents, primarily beetles. Hornbeam had denser fiber, but not always straight and it was more difficult to process. Tools for chariots were made out of it, the teeth for harrows, as well as agricultural tools. The most suitable for making a chariot was the ash, used for making spokes and hubs for the wheels. Acacia was also sought by craftsmen specialized in building assembled carriers, like maple for yokes, but also in wooden forks. Horn, essentially very hard, was used to manufacture technical installations milling, the screw for the grape juice extractors, and the rear tooth tissue. Birch was good for ladders and brooms. From the wild pear tree they usually made the presses for mills, the sled feet, being resistant to abrasion. Poplar and willow were used to make beds, plates, spoons, and boats. From wicker, baskets, interlocked fences were made, as well as from hazels.