HUNTING

vanatoare-in-zona-beiusului

Hunting and fishing were one of the most important means of gaining food resources. In time, however, with the taming of animals, in Neolithic, they have become secondary occupations.

The Country of Beiuş geophysical placing, between mountains covered with forests, assured the existence of a highly diverse fauna: bisons, bears, wolves, deer, wild boars, foxes, hares, wolverines, lynx, etc. Let us not forget to note that some commentators have tried to explain the etymology of the word "Beiuş" from the Hungarian "Belenyesi" derived from "böleny" = bison, defining Beius as a bison land. Others explain the etymology out of the words "Bela" - Hungarian king and "nyeste" - marten. It was also pointed out that Prince George of Urvis´s seal, which strengthened his will in 1592, was represented with the head of a bison.

Also regarding fauna and hunting, it is significant the fact that the serfs of Tarcău and Uileac were forced to give to their feudal lord the first deer and rabbit hunted, and they were allowed to sell the rest of the game. On Christmas, the villages of Seghiste and Fânaţe gave their land lord a deer and 2, 3 rabbits for every 4 households. Not to forget also the fact that the seal of the localities in the area had sometimes wild animals on, to show that their inhabitants were important hunters. Thus, in 1775, the village of Seghiste had a seal with a fox or a wolf on; in the late nineteenth century the seals of these villages still maintained the same symbols. At Buntesti, Cucuceni, Dumbrăvani, Şuştiu, Uileacul of Beiuş a deer appears on the seal and at Hârseşti, a marten.