First aid medical kit
Each of us befits backpacking, starting to various destinations, regardless of the type and complexity of the chosen route.
But these walks / tours can be overshadowed by unforeseen events that lead to suffering irreparable injury or even loss of life. To prevent or intervene promptly as is recommended that the bag not miss our first aid medical kit. Happy hiking enthusiasts tend to be as easy to pack such a kit has no weight, instead they prefer to go carbonated drinks, alocoolice etc. It is good to know that the presence of first aid kit in your luggage, you can save your or hiking companion. TPA should contain mainly the following: 1 gauze bandage, 2 dressing (bandage with rivanol), sterile dressings, adhesive roll, 200 g cotton wool, salve against sunburn, lip salve, tincture of iodine, Fenisan, Saprosan, syringe, tablet Burow, algocalmin, antinnevralgic, asprin, paracetamol tablets, sodium bicarbonate, fasconal, codamin, codeine, furazolidone, tetracycline ointment, rubber tourniquet, splints, rubbing alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, rivanol, vitamins, antibiotics, antiobiotic ointment containing, mint tea, linden and chamomile. Tools scissors.
First aid measures
In complex situations it is better not to intervene directly on the terrain, using our most valuable is to immediately contact Salavamont service area (see section addresses Rescue) or national Dispatch 112, where specially trained people can help the injured.
Rescue team or national dispatcher 112, necessarily and properly provide the following information: the time when you left the route, parts used in asccensiune, doorways used, the area where the accident occurred, how the accident occurred, if there are signs of some open wounds, particularities of immobilization, when the weather send. After the event, you can get information on how you can help the person injured, until the arrival of the intervention team.
In case of open wounds using medical kit supplied by disinfection and stop the bleeding, then apply compression bandage used for winding portion or injured (wounds) if you have something equipped own clothes improvise a strip of elastic to stop the bleeding. In the case in which the victim lost a lot of blood, the first symptom is that it has moments of loss of consciousness or feel the need to sleep, in this case a regular dialogue with him, do everything possible to keep awake. In case of hitting the column, try not to move until the medical team intervenes if the area is inaccessible and lowering Alternatively hurt there, made a stretcher in tight with ropes or strip twigs, pieces of clothing their own equipment.
If you have already decided to leave the road, do not forget the first aid kit!
Daily ration is drawn up according to sex and age, and climate. It must contain equally all major types of food: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, minerals, vitamins etc. The body needs water, the amount being determined according to the effort, sweat, and ambient temperature. In relation to their nutritional properties of foods are of three types:
- Vitalize: they are found in vegetables (lettuce, parsley, carrots, beets, etc.) and juicy fruit (pears, apples, plums, cherries, oranges, peaches, lemons, etc.). They are rich in vitamins and trace elements. Their consumption produces too much nervousness, and too little leads to decreased resistance to infection.
- PLASTIC: foods in this group contain large amounts of protein (meat, milk, cheese, eggs, peanuts, peas, etc.). Excess plastic food promotes intestinal putrefaction, kidney and liver disorders, rheumatic diseases and some skin diseases. Instead of reducing their daily diet causes malnutrition.
- ENERGY: foods in this group provides the body with the highest number of calories. We mention cereals, bread, potatoes, pasta, sugar, grapes, figs, chestnuts, fats (animal and vegetable). In the literature are found numerous references to eating rules, according to which a healthy person needs daily: 60-70gr proteins, lipids and 300-500gr 50-80gr carbohydrates. An example of this is given by the formula 60/20/20, where 60 represents the percentage of fruits and vegetables, 20 percent of food, plastic and 20 percent of food energy, which must contain as many carbohydrates.
The cottage intake is 4000-5000 calories per day, resulting in a varied diet including protein, fat and carbohydrates. Vitamins fully as possible should be included in the diet. We recommend fresh food. Before effort carbohydrates are preferred, and in return, proteins and lipids. During a hiking day is not necessary to have a ration of 4,000 calories because the body has sufficient reserves, just in case, we will provide more options for you to have a choice.