Balileasa Depression and the ”La Grajduri” (At the Stables) region

Depresiunea Balileasa si zona "La Grajduri"

Balileasa is an elongated lowland located in the western part of Padis, deprived of forest and riddled with sinkholes. The plain has the appearance of a valley with a large meadow, without being crossed by a stream regularly. The upstream side of this "valley" is guarded by two pillars - Oselu and Balileasa Peaks, among which Scarita saddle is located, the place where the forest road reaches from Pietroasa.

Finiș Fortress (Belovar)

Cetatea Finis (Belovar)

Finiș Fortress (Belovar), Bihor county, Crișana, Romania - Finiș Fortress (Belovar) is situated at the border of the Finiș village, on top of a small peak. Unfortunately only ruins are left. Belovar Fortress, in ruins today, consists of a complex of three towers, one of them being higher (which is visible from the village Finis).

Moțului Church Peak

Biserica Motului

The area of Padiş Chalet is dominated by Moțului Church Peak (1458 m), a particular point of view, with broad perspectives on the entire plateau, on the wooded slope of Magura Vanata Mount and on the "wall" Piatra Arsa – Carligatele.

Bârsa Pit

Groapa de la Barsa

Bârsa Pit is a closed hollow in the depression Padis - Fortresses of Ponor. It's an oval shaped hollow with a major axis of 2 km, oriented NW-SE and a minor axis of 1 km. The north-east section is made of impermeable rocks and on which several streams spring and flow. These are lost through sinkholes in contact with the limestone bedrock of the depression.

Flowers Glade

Poiana Florilor

Situated on the steep slope that descends beneath Galbena Stone until Galbena Valley, Flowers Glade consists of a group of clearings islands in the beech forest. Fully deserving its name, Flowers Glade is a paradise in the summer months when hundreds of species of flowers colorfully paint the glade. The meadows are particularly numerous in this area.

Padiș Plain and Padiş Chalet

Sesul Padis si zona Cabanei Padis

Situated at an altitude of 1225 m, Padiș Plain constitutes a genuine karst plateau, almost flat, riddled with numerous sinkholes, some with lakes, other with clumps of spruce, through which rain water drains and springs in the daylight in Ponor Glade via Ponor Spring or Boga Valley.

Bears Cave

Peștera Ursilor

Bears Cave is one of the most popular sights in Romania and it is part of the landmarks to be visited at least once in a lifetime. In the following we want to present you a brief history of the cave, from its discovery until today, along with a brief description.

Focul Viu (Living Fire) Glacier

Ghețarul Focul Viu

Living Fire Glacier is a cave sheltering the third largest block of ice in the country (after Scarisoara and Bortig Pit, also located in the Apuseni Natural Park), with a volume of 25,000 m3. It is a small cave, consisting of two rooms, the first and largest being occupied by the huge block of ice.

Poiana Ponor

Poiana Ponor

It is an enclosed depression around the great heights, partially wooded. The most remarkable in this meadow is the water loss system, which is made in the bedrock of the river through strainers. During low waters there are two active strainers.

Biharia Mountain - Cucurbăta Mare Peak

Masivul Bihariei - Vf. Cucurbăta Mare

Reaching the highest peaks of the mountains is the dream of every tourist. This hiking track offers the tourist three versions: two easy versions and a more difficult version, but the three of them reward the adventurers with splendid geographical landscape.

Galbena Gorges

Cheile Galbenei

Located in the southwestern and western closed hollow of Padiș - Fortresses of Ponor, outside it, Galbena Valley is a drainage corridor for the majority of water courses towards Beiuș Depression.

Galbena Karst Fenster

Izbucul Galbenei

The Ponor Fortresses is undoubtedly the most imposing karst phenomenon of Romania, known and appreciated worldwide. The symbol of Padiș, and even of all the Apuseni Mountains, the fortresses portal and the three huge sinkholes, fascinate every tourist who loves nature. They consist of three large basins of rock, located in a huge wooden depression, 300m deep and with the top part having a diameter of over 1km.

Ruginoasa Precipece

Groapa Ruginoasă

It is a peculiar phenomenon. It is a huge ravine dug up in the south ridge which closes the Seaca Valley, with a depth of 100 m and a diameter of 600 m. Throughout its surface, a very active process of erosion removed the layers of quartzite, the red violet color of which gives the area a totally special character, seen from great distances as an open wound in the body of the mountain.

Boga Valley

Valea Boga

The Boga Valley is the place of meeting for no less than three narrow sectors, namely: Bulbuci Valley Gorges, OseluValley Gorges and Boga Valley Gorges.

Galbenei Stone

Piatra Galbenei

Galbenei Stone (1,243 m) seen from the north, is located in the extreme south side of the Barsa Pit. The southern part of the slope, however, is a steep limestone ridge of over 200 m, with wide views, guarding the Flowers Glade.

Scărișoara Glacier

Ghetarul de la Scarisoara

It is located at an altitude of 1165 m at the edge of the karst plateau Scarisoara. The total length of the cave is 720 m, having a depth of 105 m. Access is possible by a hole 48m deep and 60m in diameter.

Bohodei Waterfall

Saritoarea Bohodei

Access to the waterfall is possible from the forest road on Aleului Valley. When the road bends to the right to cross the valley on the left side, we go off the road and climb the trail where marking signs appear. 15 minutes after leaving the road, the trail begins to climb high, the Aleului streaming forming numerous waterfalls. Next, the path leads us to cross the river and to turn left climbing the cliffs, through an area covered by blueberry bushes.

Gârda Seaca Valley


It rises in Garzii Plain, a typical karst plateau, with a length of over 20 km. Downstream of the first spring (Mouth Water) the river crosses a first area of limestone, which forms deep gorges and several small caves.

Sighistelului Valley

Valea Sighistelului

Although only 9 km long, the valley passes through half of them through vertical walls that transform its lower hollow in a canyon. Sighistelului Hollow houses over 200 caves on only 10 km2, being the area with the greatest potential for endokarst background in the country. The most popular caves in Sighistelului sector are : Corbasca Cave (300 m) with Crystal Lake, beautiful stalactites, columns and montmilch deposits; Coliboaia Cave (310 m) and Secaturii Deal Cave (1,450 m) belonging to the same karst system, with rich and varied concretions; Magura Cave (1885 m) with labyrinthine galleries, halls and narrow impressive galleries.

Borțig Pit

Avenul Bortig

It is a spectacular pit, with an entry having a diameter of 35 m. The entrance (-38 m) is reached by passing on a large block of ice set at a level difference of 16 m.

Iadului (Hell) Valley

Valea Iadului

One of the most beautiful tourist areas in Romania bears a scary name - Hell Valley. Even Dimitrie Meciu, 1816, writes that this land should not be called Hell, but Heaven, both for the magic sparked by its beauty and for its special people. But, what the tourist eye sees, can not be seen by the natives, who are facing every day with hard nature and bad weather. Neither nature nor the weather were not too generous with the inhabitants of this valley. On the contrary.

Stâna de Vale


Stana de Vale (Hungarian Biharfüred) is a resort located in Bihor county, belonging to the village of Budureasa, in Vlădeasa Mount, at an altitude of 1,100 meters, being the rainy center of Romania.

Calugari Spring

Izbucul de la Călugări

This time the tourist is brought in the Moma Mountains from the Codru-Moma Massif. We have the chance to discover a rare phenomenon: the intermittent spring from Calugari, declared a natural monument.

Valley Ordâncuşa

Valea Ordâncusa

Springing from under the Clujului peak, the valley crosses an anonymous area at its beginnings, then it sculpts some of the most impressive gorges in Apuseni, developed over 4 km long.

Caput Cave

Pestera Caput

Used as a study cave by speleologists, it is the collector of all the waters in this hollow, representing a gallery in steps, with many waterfalls on 2000 m. These waters are drained towards the underground gallery of the Fortresses of Ponor.

Lost World Plateau

Lumea Pierdută

So called because of its wilderness in the past, the Lost World is a forested karst plateau, bordered by the Bear´s Creek, the Dry Creek and the southern ridge of the Gardisoara Peak. In terms of hydrology two valleys appear here: the Bear´s Creek and the Dry Creek, the springs of which are very close and merge downstream, bounding an isolated plateau.

Carligate Peak

Culmea Cârligate

Situated in the north-west Padiş, the peak is of particular interest due to the wide open views that are opened both on Padis and on a large part of the Apuseni Mountains. The ridge consists of Carligate Peak (1694 m) and continues west Cornu Muntilor Peak (1.652m) and Braiesei Ridge and east with Cumpănăţelul Pass.

Măgura Vânătă Mountain


The circular shaped ridge of the mountain, of about 12 km long, rises from the springs area east of Someșul Cald until Măgura Mică Peak (1,573 m), then smoothly turns south through alternating peaks and smooth saddles. Măgura Mare Peak is next(1,642 m) looking like a pyramid, descending steeply to the Old Valley. In the extreme south, Măgura Vănătă is linked through a saddle to Motului Church, the road from Huedin arriving through it in Padiș.

Vărăşoaia Glade

Poiana Vărășoaia

The area called Varasoaia includes two large karst plateaus, north of Padiș, and ranges between Boghii Stone Peak, Magura Vanata, Varasoaia Peak and Someșul Cald hollow.

Meziad Cave

Peștera Meziad

Meziad Cave was declared a natural monument, being a speleological natural park. It was much researched and in 1921 it was visited by a team of geologists led by the famous caver Emil Racovita. It is a large cave, one of the first caves prepared for tourist visits, one of the longest caves in Romania (4.750 m long with several layers). Situated in Bihor county in Meziadului Valley , South eastern from Padurea Craiului Mountains and the western part of the Apuseni Mountains, the cave was renovated in 1972 and opened to tourism.

Mierag Cliffs

Râpele de la Mierag

Heavy rains have carved in the geological area of Mierag Valley, (valley which actually consists of a main valley of 1.5 km long and a 0.5 km secondary valley) a geomorphologic phenomenon with special landscape effects and special tourist interest. The erosion has given rise to almost bizarre formations. Their strangeness lies in the possible similarities with giant forms laid here by giant, mythical ancestors of these places.


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